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How To Write a Bibliography for a Science Fair Project


It's important to cite your sources for a science fair project. Here are some examples of how to cite books, online references, and conversations.

Difficulty: Easy

Time Required: Minutes to Hours

Here's How:

  1. Write the author's last name, first name, and middle name or initial. Two authors are handled a little differently. For example, you would write: Helmenstine, A.M. and John R. Smith, Cool Chemistry Projects, New York: Sterling Pub. Co., Aug. 2005, pp. 1-15.
  2. Write the name of the article or the chapter of your source in quotes.
  3. Write and either underline or italicize the title of the book or source.
  4. Write the place (city, state, country) where the source was published, followed by a colon.
  5. Write the publisher's name, date of publication, and volume (if applicable), followed by a colon and the page numbers. The abbreviation for page is p.. The abbreviation for pages is pp.. Volume is vol..
  6. Organize your bibliography by writing your references in alphabetical order, according to the author's last name.


  1. Here is an example for a book or magazine -- Jones, Jenny R., "Science Experiments to Try" Science Time, New York: Sterling Pub. Co., May 2004, Vol. 3:12-15.
  2. Here is an example for a Web site -- Helmenstine, Anne, About Chemistry Website, http://chemistry.about.com, Oct. 4, 2005.
  3. Here is an example for a conversation -- Smith, John, Telephone Conversation, Mar. 5, 1993.
  4. If your instructor has a different method to use for citing references, follow those guidelines. There is more than one correct way to write a bibliography.

What You Need:

  • List of Sources - Alphabetized
  • Pen/Paper or Computer

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