2005 - Henry Taube died.Taube was a Canadian-American chemist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work towards the understanding of electron transfer reactions in metal complexes. His work involved inner sphere electron transfers during a redox reaction. He found that during these reactions, a ligand bridges two metal redox centers. He used radioactive isotopes to identify the mechanisms involved in redox reactions.
1965 - Soviet Union launches Vanera 3 spacecraft.Soviet spacecraft Venera 3 was launched on its way to the planet Venus. It would become the first spacecraft to land (impact) on another planet. Venera 3 attempted to land on Venus and was believed crushed by the thick atmosphere on March 1, 1966.
1999 - Daniel Nathans died.Nathans was an American molecular biologist who shares the 1978 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Hamilton Othanel Smith and Werner Arber for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their applications to break DNA molecules. Restriction enzymes are enzymes that cut DNA at known restriction sites. Nathans used restriction enzymes from bacteria to investigate the DNA of the simian virus 40. The genetic map he produced was an important step to the development of prenatal tests for genetic diseases.
1934 - Carl von Linde died.
He also used his technique to liquify gases from air to obtain pure samples of elemental gases.
1881 - Joel Henry Hildebrand was born.Hildebrand was an American chemist and educator. As an educator, he was involved with the University of California, Berkeley's College of Chemistry from 1907 to 1953. UC Berkeley became one of the top producers of chemists and their laboratories produced five Nobel Prizes and major innovations in chemistry and physics.
As a chemist, his work was primarily with liquids and nonelectrolyte solutions. He wrote several textbooks and monographs, one of which, the monograph Solubility was a standard reference for 50 years.