Question: What Is Muriatic Acid?
Muriatic acid is one of the names for hydrochloric acid. It is also known as spirits of salt
or acidum salis
. "Muriatic" means "pertaining to brine or salt". The chemical formula for muriatic acid is HCl.
Uses of Muriatic Acid
Muriatic acid has many commercial and home uses, including:
- industrial synthesis of vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
- food additive
- gelatin production
- leather processing
- household cleaning (when diluted)
- pickling of steel
- production of inorganic chemical compounds
- pH control of water, food and drugs
- regenerating ion exchange resins
- purification of table salt
- building construction
- to dissolve rock in oil production
- occurs naturally in gastric acid to digest food
Muriatic Acid Production
Muriatic acid is prepared from hydrogen chloride. Hydrogen chloride from any of a number of processes is dissolved in water to yield hydrochloric or muriatic acid.