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Chemical Formula - Molecular Formula for Common Chemicals

Important Chemical or Molecular Formulas


This is a collection of chemical or molecular formulas for common chemicals, such as salt, sugar, vinegar, water, etc.

Water Chemical Formula

Three-dimensional molecular structure of water, H2O.
Ben Mills
The chemical formula for water is H2O.

Salt Chemical Formula

This is the three-dimensional ionic structure of sodium chloride, NaCl.
Ben Mills
The term 'salt' can refer to any of a number of ionic compounds, but is most commonly used in reference to table salt, which is sodium chloride. The chemical or molecular formula for sodium chloride is NaCl. The individual units of the compound stack to form a cubic crystal structure.

Sugar Chemical Formula

The molecular formula for table sugar, or sucrose, is C12H22O11.

Alcohol Chemical Formula

This is the chemical structure of ethanol.
There are several different types of alcohols, but the one that you can drink is ethanol or ethyl alcohol. The molecular formula for ethanol is C2H6O.

Vinegar Chemical Formula

This is the chemical structure of acetic acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Vinegar primarily consists of 5% acetic acid in water. The chemical formula for acetic acid is CH3COOH.

Baking Soda Chemical Formula

Sodium Bicarbonate or Baking Soda
Martin Walker
Baking soda is pure sodium bicarbonate. The molecular formula for sodium bicarbonate is NaHCO3.

Carbon Dioxide Chemical Formula

Carbon Dioxide
Ben Mills
Carbon dioxide is a gas that is found in the atmosphere. In solid form, it is called dry ice. The chemical formula for carbon dioxide is CO2.

Ammonia Chemical Formula

This is the space-filling model of ammonia, NH3.
Ben Mills
Ammonia is a gas at ordinary temperatures and pressure. The molecular formula for ammonia is NH3.

Glucose Chemical Formula

This is the 3-D ball and stick structure for D-glucose, an important sugar.
Ben Mills
Glucose is the simple sugar that is produced during photosynthesis. The chemical structure of glucose is C6H12O6 or H-(C=O)-(CHOH)5-H.

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