Question: What Is a Heavy Metal?
Answer: A heavy metal is a metallic element which is toxic and has a high density, specific gravity or atomic weight.
Examples of Heavy MetalsExamples of heavy metals include lead, mercury and cadmium. Less commonly, any metal with a potential negative health effect or environmental impact may be termed a heavy metal, such as cobalt, chromium, lithium and even iron.
Dispute over "Heavy Metal" TermAccording to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry or IUPAC, the term "heavy metal" may be a "meaningless term" because there is no standardized definition for a heavy metal. Some light metals or metalloids are toxic, while some high-density metals are not. For example, cadmium generally is considered a heavy metal, with an atomic number of 48 and specific gravity of 8.65, while gold typically is not toxic, even though it has an atomic number of 79 and specific gravity of 18.88. For a given metal, the toxicity varies widely depending on the allotrope or oxidation state of the metal. Hexavalent chromium is deadly; trivalent chromium is nutritionally significant in many organisms, including humans.