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Chemical Properties

Explanation and Examples of Chemical Properties

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Toxicity is a chemical property of matter.

Toxicity is a chemical property of matter.

Doug Armand, Getty Images

Chemical properties are any of the properties of matter that may only be observed and measured by performing a chemical change or chemical reaction. Chemical properties cannot be determined by touching or viewing a sample; the structure of the sample must be altered for the chemical properties to become apparent.

Examples of Chemical Properties

Here are some examples of chemical properties.
  • reactivity with other chemicals
  • toxicity
  • coordination number
  • flammability
  • enthalpy of formation
  • heat of combustion
  • oxidation states
  • chemical stability
  • types of chemical bonds that will form

Uses of Chemical Properties

Scientists use chemical properties to predict whether a sample will participate in a chemical reaction. Chemical properties may be used to classify compounds and find applications for them. Understanding a material's chemical properties helps in its purification, separation from other chemicals or in identification in an unknown sample.

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