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January 29 Science History

Science History for January 29

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Learn about the history of science by reading about the significant scientific events that took place on this day in history.

1934 - Fritz Haber died.

Haber was awarded the 1918 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his method of creating ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen. He is also considered the father of chemical warfare.

1927 - Lewis Urry was born.

Urry was a Canadian chemical engineer who invented the alkaline and lithium battery. While working for the Eveready battery company, he was attempting to extend the life of the current battery technology. He found a combination of manganese dioxide and zinc powder with an alkaline substance outlasted regular carbon-zinc batteries by nearly 40 times. Lithium batteries use lithium as the anode of the battery and can supply higher voltages and last longer than alkaline batteries.

1926 - Abdus Salam was born.

Salam was a Pakistani physicist that shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics with Sheldon Glashowand Steven Weinberg for work in postulating the existence of W and Z bosons. W and Z bosons are the elementary particles that mediate the weak nuclear force. He was instrumental in forming Pakistan's Atomic Energy Commission and nuclear weapons program.

1886 - First automobile patent applied for.

Karl Benz became the first to apply for a patent for a vehicle to use an internal cumbustion engine.

1859 - William Bond died.

William Bond (1789 - 1859)
Wikipedia Commons
William Bond and his son, George Bond discovered Saturn's eighth moon, Hyperion and Saturn's inner ring named Crepe Ring.

1838 - Edward Williams Morley was born.

Edward Williams Morley (1838 - 1923)
Wikipedia Commons
Morley attempted with A. A. Michelson to detect the 'aether' in the Michelson/Morley experiment. The null results of this experiment would eventually lead to Einstein's theory of relativity.

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