2002 - Max Ferdinand Perutz died.Perutz was an Austrian biochemist who shares the 1962 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with John Kendrew for their research into the structure of hemoglobin and globular proteins. He employed x-ray crystallography to determine the structure of hemoglobin, the protein responsible for transporting oxygen in blood.
1991 - Salvador Edward Luria died.Luria was an Italian-American microbiologist who shares the 1969 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Max Delbrück and Alfred Hershey for their work on the genetic structure of viruses. Together with Delbrück, they discovered that genetic inheritance in bacteria statistically follows Darwinian principles over Lamarckian principles. Viral resistance could be passed on to future generation without the virus being present.
1973 - Ira Sprague Bowen died.Bowen was an American astrophysicist who discovered the green lines in nebula spectra were due to ionized oxygen and nitrogen at low pressure and not some undiscovered element. The spectra from nebulae was previously attributed to an unknown element called nebulium.
1971 - Alan Shepard plays golf on the Moon.
1898 - Rudolf Leuckart died.
1892 - William Parry Murphy was born.Murphy was an American physician who shares the 1934 Noble Prize in Medicine with George Minot and George Whipple for their work on the treatment of anemia. Whipple showed that anemic dogs who were fed liver improved their condition, actually reversing the condition. Minot and Murphy used this research to successful treat pernicious anemia.
1886 - Element germanium discovered.
1894 - Eberth Edwin Klebs was born.
1804 - Joseph Priestley died
Priestly was an English theologian and natural philosopher who isolated a gas he called dephlogisticated air, known today as the element oxygen. He discovered other 'airs' or gasses such as nitrous air (nitric oxide), alkaline air (ammonia), vitriolic acid air (sulfur dioxide) and diminished nitrous air (nitrous oxide).