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February 3 Science History

Science History of February 3

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Learn about the history of science by reading about the significant scientific events that took place on this day in history.

1995 - First Space Shuttle mission with female pilot launched.

Eileen Collins - NASA Astronaut
NASA
Astronaut Eileen Collins became the first woman to pilot the space shuttle. The Space Shuttle Discovery was to rendezvous with the Soviet Mir space station as part of the Russian-American Shuttle-Mir program.

1984 - First human baby born from embryo transfer.

The first transfer of an embryo from one human to another was born. This procedure was directed by Dr. John Buster at the UCLA Medical Center. This research has given new options to people to become parents who couldn't before.

1966 - U.S. launches first meteorological satellite.

ESSA-1 Weather Satellite
NASA
The first meteorological satellite, ESSA-1 is launched from Cape Canaveral. It provided photographs of cloud-cover to the National Meteorological Center to aid in analysis and forecasting. This was the first of nine satellites in the Environmental Science Services Administration Satellite program.

1966 - Soviets make first soft landing on the Moon.

Luna 9 Spacecraft
NASA
The unmanned Soviet probe, Luna 9 made the first soft landing on the Moon. This was also the first soft landing of a man-made object on another celestial body. Luna 9 immediately began transmitting data back to Earth, but had to wait for more favorable conditions before transmitting photographs of the surface.

1935 - Hugo Junkers died.

Hugo Junkers (1859 - 1935)
Junkers was a German aviation engineer who developed one of the first all metal airplanes. He also built the first all metal transport aircraft. The aircraft company he founded would become one of the principle suppliers of Germany's Luftwaffe during World War II.

He died on his 75th birthday.

1894 - Edmond Frémy died.

Edmond Frémy (1814 - 1894)

Frémy was a French chemist who was best known for his work with fluorine and its compounds. He discovered anhydrous hydrogen fluoride and was the first to artificially produce rubies.

1862 - Jean-Baptiste Biot died.

Jean-Baptiste Biot (1774 - 1862)
Wikipedia Commons
Biot was a French physicist whose early works included the relationship between current and magnetism which became to be known as the Biot-Savart law. He also was the first to determine that mica polarizes light.

1859 - Hugo Junkers was born.

Hugo Junkers (1859 - 1935)
Junkers was a German aviation engineer who developed one of the first all metal airplanes. He also built the first all metal transport aircraft. The aircraft company he founded would become one of the principle suppliers of Germany's Luftwaffe during World War II.

1823 - Spencer Fullerton Baird was born.

Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823 - 1887)
Library of Congress
Baird was an American naturalist who would transform the Smithsonian into a major natural history museum. He started the Smithsonian's natural collection with his own large collections and donations from his friend, John Audubon. He encouraged many government survey projects to include training for scientific exploration and collections.

1821 - Elizabeth Blackwell was born.

Elizabeth Blackwell (1821 - 1910)
National Institute of Health
Blackwell was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States. She encouraged other women to become doctors and was active in Woman's Suffrage movement.

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