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Metals

Properties of Element Groups

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Bismuth is one of the basic metals.

Bismuth is one of the basic metals.

Dschwen, wikipedia.org
Metals | Nonmetals | Metalloids | Alkali Metals | Alkaline Earths | Transition Metals | Halogens | Noble Gases | Rare Earths | Lanthanides | Actinides

Examples of Metals

Most of the elements on the periodic table are metals, including gold, silver, platinum, mercury, uranium, aluminum, sodium and calcium. Alloys, such as brass and bronze, also are metals.

Location on the Periodic Table

Metals are located on the left side and the middle of the periodic table. Group IA and Group IIA (the alkali metals) are the most active metals. The transition elements, groups IB to VIIIB, are also considered metals. The basic metals are the element to the right of the transition metals. The bottom two rows of elements beneath the body of the periodic table are the lanthanides and actinides, which are also metals.

Properties

Metals are shiny solids are room temperature (except mercury, which is a shiny liquid element), with characteristic high melting points and densities. Many of the properties of metals, including large atomic radius, low ionization energy, and low electronegativity, are due to the fact that the electrons in the valence shell of a metal atoms can be removed easily. One characteristic of metals is their ability to be deformed without breaking. Malleability is the ability of a metal to be hammered into shapes. Ductility is the ability of a metal to be drawn into wire. Because the valence electrons can move freely, metals are good heat conductors and electrical conductors.

Summary of Common Properties

 

  • Shiny 'metallic' appearance
  • Solids at room temperature (except mercury)
  • High melting points
  • High densities
  • Large atomic radii
  • Low ionization energies
  • Low electronegativities
  • Usually, high deformation
  • Malleable
  • Ductile
  • Thermal conductors
  • Electrical conductors

Learn More About Metals

What Are Noble Metals?
How Transition Metals Got Their Name
Metals Versus Nonmetals

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