Learn about the history of science by reading about the significant scientific events that took place on this day in history.
1959 - The Antarctic Treaty was signed.The representatives of 12 countries signed a treaty to regulate international relations dealing with the uninhabited continent of Antarctica. The treaty set the continent aside as a scientific reserve for peaceful scientific research and banned all military activity in the region. The agreement has since been signed by 47 countries and is still in effect.
1925 - Martin Rodbell was born.
National Institutes of Health
Rodbell was an American biochemist who shares the 1994 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Alfred Gilman for their discovery of G-proteins and their role in signal transduction within the cell. G-proteins are a family of proteins that work as switches and intermediary between guanosine diphosphate (GDP) and guanosine triphosphate (GTP) to regulate downstream cell processes.
1743 - Martin Heinrich Klaproth was born.
Klaproth was a German apothecary and chemist who discovered the elements uranium
, and cerium
. He also named the elements tellurium
. He published over 200 papers and a five volume chemical dictionary during his career.