Chem Demo MaterialsYou only need water and two household chemicals for this project:
- hot tap water
- copper sulfate
- household ammonia
Perform the Color Change Demo
- Dissolve a spoonful of copper sulfate in a cup of hot water. The proportions are not critical, but you want a high enough concentration of copper sulfate to get a blue color.
- Stir in a small amount of ammonia. See the swirls of milky pale blue? The blue solid will settle out of solution if you allow it to sit undisturbed.
- Adding more ammonia will start to turn the solution deep blue -- much brighter than the original copper sulfate solution. When the reaction goes to completion you'll end up with a translucent blue liquid. You can a video of this reaction at YouTube to see what to expect.
What Happened?Ammonia and copper sulfate initially react to precipitate copper hydroxide. Additional ammonia dissolves the copper hydroxide to form a vivid blue amino-copper complex. The cuprammonium solution could be used to dissolve cellulose as part of one method of producing Rayon.
Thanks go out to drildonaldson on About.com's Chemistry Forum for information about this demonstration!