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What Is the Difference Between an Ionic and Covalent Chemical Bond?

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Ionic Bond

Ionic Bond

Wikipedia GNU Free Documentation License

Question: What Is the Difference Between an Ionic and Covalent Chemical Bond?

Answer: A molecule or compound is made when two or more atoms form a chemical bond, linking them together. The two types of bonds are ionic bonds and covalent bonds. In an ionic bond, the atoms are bound together by the attraction between oppositely-charged ions. For example, sodium and chloride form an ionic bond, to make NaCl, or table salt. In a covalent bond, the atoms are bound by shared electrons. If the electron is shared equally between the atoms forming a covalent bond, then the bond is said to be nonpolar. Usually, an electron is more attracted to one atom than to another, forming a polar covalent bond. For example, the atoms in water, H2O, are held together by polar covalent bonds. Do you understand? Test your comprehension with this quiz.

Properties of Ionic Compounds
Properties of Covalent Compounds
Examples of Ionic Compounds
Examples of Covalent Compounds

 

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Ionic and Covalent Chemical Bonds

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