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How to Write a Lesson Plan

Plan the Perfect Lesson

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It's easier to teach if you plan the lesson in advance.

It's easier to teach if you plan the lesson in advance.

Tetra Images, Getty Images

It is much easier to accomplish objectives when you are teaching a class if you have planned out how you will achieve them. It isn't hard to write your own lesson plans. Here are step-by-step instructions to guide you through the process, with a lesson plan template you can use so all you need to do is fill in the blanks.

Time Required: 1-4 hours

Materials:

  • Lesson Planner or Paper
  • Pen
  • Textbooks
  • List of Available Lab Materials (if necessary)

Plan and Write a Lesson Plan

  1. List your goals.
    Ask yourself what you are hoping to achieve with this lesson. Are there particular standards you are meeting? Are there certain concepts you are teaching? What do you want the students to get out of the lesson?

     

  2. Write down key vocabulary terms.
    If the lesson includes vocabulary words, be sure to write them down so that you can incorporate them into the lesson as you are developing it.

     

  3. Decide how you are going to teach the lesson.
    Is this going to be a lecture? A laboratory exercise? What will the students be doing? Will each student be working alone or will they be in groups? Once you have an idea of how you want to reach your objective, then you will be in a position to write out notes for an introduction and a step-by-step procedure for what will happen.

     

  4. Write out your procedure and materials list.
    This is simplified if you have a list of materials that are available to you, especially if you are teaching a laboratory-related lesson such as a chemistry lab exercise. Make a list of the materials you will need. It is a good idea to make a note about any preparation that may be needed prior to the lesson. Once you have a materials list, describe each step of the lesson.

     

  5. Write out how you plan to introduce the lesson.
    The introduction will likely include a statement of the objectives of the lesson, some background information, and details about the procedure to be followed and the type of assessment that will be associated with the lesson.

     

  6. Decide how you will assess the lesson.
    Will there be any in-class assignments or homework? Do you need to prepare any handouts? How will students be expected to practice their skills? Will the lesson be graded?

     

  7. Consider what will happen after the lesson.
    If you are teaching a lab, you may have some clean-up to do after the lesson or there may be procedures students will need to complete before they can leave. If the lesson included an assignment, will it be handed in at the end of the lesson? If not, when will it be due? Think about how you might build upon this lesson in future lessons.

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