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London Dispersion Force Definition

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London dispersion force is a van der Walls force.

London dispersion force is a van der Walls force.

Science Photo Library - MEHAU KULYK, Getty Images

London Dispersion Force Definition: London dispersion force is a weak intermolecular force between two atoms or molecules in close proximity of each other. The force is a quantum force generated by electron repulsion between the electron clouds of two atoms or molecules as they approach each other.

The London dispersion force is the weakest of the van der Waals forces and is the force that causes nonpolar atoms or molecules to condense into liquids or solids as temperature is lowered.

Also Known As: London forces, LDF, dispersion forces, instantaneous dipole forces, induced dipole forces

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