Hydrolysis Definition: Hydrolysis is a type of decomposition reaction where one reactant is water.
The general formula of a hydrolysis reaction is:
AB + H2O → AH + BOH
Organic hydrolysis reactions involve the reaction of water and a ester. This reaction follows the general formula:
RCO-OR' + H20 → RCO-OH + R'-OH
the dash denotes the covalent bond that is broken during the reaction.