Violet Smoke Safety InfoAs you might have guessed, the violet color comes from iodine vapor. Iodine is corrosive in solid and vapor form and may produce chemical burns, so wear protective gear when handling the chemical and perform the demonstration under a fume hood or in a large open space such as an auditorium.
Violet Smoke Method #1
- 1 part powdered zinc
- 4 parts powdered iodine
- wash bottle or dropper bottle filled with water
- Separately powder the zinc and iodine, using a mortar and pestle.
- Mix the ingredients in a shallow dish.
- Perform the demonstration by spraying a stream of water onto the powdered mix. Violet vapor will immediately form. You may wish to place a white board behind the dish to make the violet smoke more visible.
Violet Smoke Method #2This method is similar, except ammonium nitrate is added to produce a large quantity of white zinc oxide smoke. The iodine vapor colors the smoke violet or purple. If you want white smoke, omit the iodine.
- 4 grams powdered ammonium nitrate
- 4 grams powdered zinc
- 1/2 gram iodine crystals
- wash bottle or dropper bottle of water