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Names of 10 Acids

10 Common Acids

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Here is a list of ten common acids with chemical structures.

1. Acetic Acid

Acetic acid is also known as ethanoic acid.
Cacycle, Wikipedia Commons
Acetic Acid: HC2H3O2

Also known as: ethanoic acid, CH3COOH, AcOH.

Acetic acid is found in vinegar.

2. Boric Acid

This is the chemical structure of boric acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Boric Acid: H3BO3

Also known as: acidum boricum, hydrogen orthoborate

3. Carbonic Acid

This is the chemical structure of carbonic acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Carbonic Acid: CH2O3

Also known as: aerial acid, acid of air, dihydrogen carbonate, kihydroxyketone.

4. Citric Acid

Citric acid is also known as 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid.
NEUROtiker, Wikipedia Commons
Citric Acid: H3C6H5O7

Also known as: 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid.

5. Hydrochloric Acid

This is the chemical structure of hydrochloric acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Hydrochloric acid: HCl

Also known as marine acid, chloronium, spirit of salt.

6. Hydrofluoric Acid

This is the chemical structure of hydrofluoric acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Hydrofluoric Acid: HF

Also known as: hydrogen fluoride, hydrofluoride, hydrogen monofluoride, fluorhydric acid.

7. Nitric Acid

This is the chemical structure of nitric acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Nitric Acid: HNO3

Also known as: aqua fortis, azotic acid, engraver's acid, nitroalcohol.

8. Oxalic Acid

This is the chemical structure of oxalic acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Oxalic Acid: H2C2O4

Also known as: ethanedioic acid, hydrogen oxalate, ethanedionate, acidum oxalicum, HOOCCOOH, oxiric acid.

9. Phosphoric Acid

Phosphoric acid is also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid.
Ben Mills
Phosphoric Acid: H3PO4

Also known as: orthophosphoric acid, trihydrogen phosphate, acidum phosphoricum.

10. Sulfuric Acid

This is the chemical structure of sulfuric acid.
Todd Helmenstine
Sulfuric acid: H2SO4

Also known as: battery acid, dipping acid, mattling acid, Terra Alba, oil of vitriol.

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