gold alloys are seen in jewelry and gold is often added to glass to give it color (e.g., ruby glass), but this project is a little different. You'll be performing any of a number of chemical reactions to make a gold chloride solution turn purple.Colored
What You Do
- Mix together a dilute gold chloride solution (0.01%) and a 1% Rochelle salt (potassium sodium tartrate) solution. It's best if you use distilled water to prepare your solutions, as contaminants in tap water may affect your results.
- Another option is to make "Purple of Cassius". This is a purple gold made by introducing tin to a very dilute gold solution. The author of the article posted at The Alchemy Website attempted to produce this color by reacting a dilute solution of gold chloride with stannous chloride. He obtained an amber solution, but not the desired purple coloration.
- Gold may be reduced using formaldehyde. Add some sodium bicarbonate to a gold chloride solution to make the solution alkaline before introducing a drop of formalin.
- Another recipe calls for add a few milliliters of gold chloride to boiling water and then adding some 1% tri-sodium citrate and boiling the solution until the desired color is produced. This colloidal solution is best kept in a shady location, as it is said to be photoreactive.
- In general, gold chloride solution is photoreactive, so you could soak a filter paper with the solution and expose it to sunlight to seek a color change.