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Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D.

Exploding Hydrogen Balloon

By December 16, 2013

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Exploding Hydrogen Balloon (Anne Helmenstine)

The exploding hydrogen balloon is a simple chemistry demonstration, yet one that is sure to capture your audience's attention. It's especially useful for illustrating the difference between hydrogen and helium. Both gases are lighter than air and produce a floating balloon, yet if you touch a match to the helium balloon, all that happens is that the balloon pops. Helium is a noble gas and non-reactive. As you can see, the effect is a tiny bit more dramatic when the balloon contains hydrogen gas. All you need is a balloon and some hydrogen... Here's what you do.

Don't want to try it yourself? You can catch this demonstration live at many museums, such as Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry, which is where I took this photo.


March 27, 2014 at 9:04 am
(1) Devon says:

I am going to be conducting this experiment myself for photography purposes. Would I be able to get any information on what settings your camera was on when capturing these photos? Thanks.

March 27, 2014 at 10:06 am
(2) chemistry says:

I just used a point-and-click with the flash off on auto settings.

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