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Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D.

Who Is the Father of Chemistry?

By August 20, 2013

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If you're ever asked to identify the Father of Chemistry for a homework assignment, the "most correct" answer for a test will be the one found in your textbook. However, that may not be the answer others would give when asked the question.

The first chemist actually was a Mesopotamian woman, Tapputi, who described the process of distillation. She might be called the Mother of Chemistry, but really didn't engage in science in the modern sense of the word. Jabir ibn Hayyan or "Geber", as he was also called, applied the scientific method to the study of alchemy circa 800 AD. Many people consider him to be the Father of Chemistry. Another popular choice for the title of Father of Chemistry is Antoine Lavoisier, who listed elements, described properties of matter, helped to revise and standardize chemistry nomenclature and made a host of other contribution to the field of chemistry. Lavoisier sometimes is known as the Father of Modern Chemistry, to distinguish his work from contributions made before chemistry was a true science.

Geber and Lavoisier aren't the only people who have been called the "Father of Chemistry." Other investigators may be known by this name... Read more


September 5, 2012 at 10:14 am
(1) M. Awais Rauf says:

this descrption shows that u r nt bias about muslims like many other. Geber or jabir was actually 1st chemist and also 1st man to introduce practical in Science. A great person and real face of islam

December 8, 2012 at 2:35 pm
(2) Muhammed ibrahim says:

Science begins with islam its a great achivement 4 islam and muslims so lets be happy 2geda

July 22, 2013 at 8:42 pm
(3) faisal eriyadan says:

geber is really known as father of chemistry. He made the s-hg theory.he discovered two important thing. That is calsination(metal distraction) and redection process also.

August 26, 2013 at 2:02 pm
(4) Amir says:

Ok I agree with you

October 26, 2013 at 6:44 pm
(5) Raeter says:


Rarely do they offer the other perspective(s) in history, focusing on only one. (The western one, obviously.) The REAL father of chemistry, indisputably, would be Geber.
Lavosier, on the other hand, can just be considered a revolutionary chemist.
Fathers are the beginners in anything, which Lavoisier is not.

November 18, 2013 at 7:00 am
(6) Amir says:

Yes Jabir ibn Hayyan was muslim and from Persia(Iran) but who cares cuz science is science, does not matter what nationality, religion and believe he had

April 4, 2014 at 5:14 am
(7) Dr Rashid says:

actully muslims are more better than anyone else

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